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Don’t cry for me, Argentina

Argentina is the eighth largest country in terms of area and the second largest in terms of population in South America. Known worldwide for tango and breathtaking landscapes, Argentina has undergone significant changes and challenges in the past decade. Below, we take a look at how economic instability, political turmoil, and social changes have shaped the country’s landscape.

A crisis, but not quite!

From an economic standpoint, Argentina has faced numerous challenges over the past decade. In 2018, the country experienced its worst economic crisis in decades, characterized by high inflation rates, currency devaluation, and rising poverty levels. The crisis was the result of a number of factors, including high government spending, a large fiscal deficit, and the devaluation of the Argentine peso. The government responded to the crisis by implementing austerity measures, such as reducing government spending and increasing taxes, in an effort to balance the budget and stabilize the economy.

However, the economic crisis had a significant impact on the population, with poverty levels increasing from 32% in 2016 to 44% in 2019. The crisis also resulted in widespread social unrest, with thousands of Argentines taking to the streets to protest against the government’s handling of the economy.

Despite these challenges, the Argentine economy remains one of the largest and most dynamic in South America, with a strong agricultural sector, a growing manufacturing industry, and a well-developed service sector. The country is also home to a large number of multinational corporations, which are attracted by its well-educated workforce and favorable business climate.

Political Developments

In the past decade, Argentina has also undergone significant political changes. In 2015, the country elected its first non-Radical or Peronist president in more than a decade, Mauricio Macri, who promised to implement market-oriented reforms to boost the country’s economy. Despite these efforts, however, the country’s economy continued to struggle, and Macri’s popularity declined.

In 2019, the country held presidential elections, in which Alberto Fernández, a center-left politician, was elected as the country’s new president. Fernández has taken a different approach to the economy, with a focus on expanding social programs and increasing government spending to boost the country’s economy.

Despite these political changes, Argentina remains a country with a vibrant and active political landscape, a well-established democratic system and a strong tradition of political activism. The country is home to a number of political parties, including the Radical Civic Union, the Justicialist Party, and the Workers’ Party, each of which represents a different political ideology and serves as a voice for different groups within the population.

Social Developments

One of the most notable social changes has been the growing support for LGBT rights in the country. In 2010, Argentina became the first country in South America to legalize same-sex marriage, and since then, the country has become a leader in the region in terms of LGBT rights.

Another significant social change in Argentina has been the growth of the country’s middle class, which has increased significantly in recent years, due in part to the country’s growing economy. This has resulted in a growing consumer market and a growing demand for consumer goods, including luxury goods and services.

How does the future look like?

As of 2023, Argentina is likely to still be facing economic challenges, including inflation and a large fiscal deficit. However, the government has made it clear that they will continue implementing reforms aimed at stabilizing the economy and promoting growth. Additionally, the country’s well-educated workforce and favorable business climate may continue to attract multinational corporations, which could help boost the economy. Argentina is likely to continue to have a vibrant and active political landscape, with a well-established democratic system and a strong tradition of political activism.

Overall, while Argentina is likely to continue to face challenges in the coming years, the country is also likely to remain the same country with a rich cultural heritage, a diverse population, and a vibrant economy.

By Ioana Constantin

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